As the American Fire Service keeps trending towards high flow, low pressure attack packages it is important to understand what Dennis LeGear refers to as ‘gold standard’ for fire stream development in this episode.

That standard is the Freeman Ratio, developed by John Freeman in the late 1800’s and still very relevant today, states that the nozzle orifice diameter should be half of the hose diameter. Dennis also speaks to finding balance with the Freeman Ratio and hose construction as well as nozzle reaction.

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Dennis LeGear

Dennis LeGear, retired Capt. Oakland, CA. holds both an AS Degree in Fire Science and Bachelors in Vocational Education from CSU Long Beach. He also held the position of Water Supply Officer in the OFD, and advised the Engine and Truck Committees in pump spec, hose & equipment lay out, compartment / hose bed spec as it related to fire stream development. In addition he was a hose and nozzle instructor at many in house academies, plus an adjunct professor in the same capacity at the College of the Siskiyous in California. His fire service career included time at Cal Fire, Kings County and the City of Oakland.

Owner of LeGear Engineering F.D. Consulting (L.E.F.D.C), creator of the 1 3/16-inch smooth bore nozzle and TRU hose spec. A panel member of the UL Study of the Impact of Fire Attack Utilizing Interior and Exterior Streams on Firefighter Safety and Occupant Survival. Currently Manages/Project Lead of a national "Engine Test Group" composed of industry experts, which are involved in both the L.E.FDC "True Hose Project" the "1 3/16th-inch tip” 295gpm@50psi Project, and “Smooth Bore Matching Fog tips @50si NP” project.

His company has provided technical advice to some of the largest fire agencies in the nation including, Portland, Seattle, Boston and the City of New York. He has also consulted with water municipalities assisting in the development of emergency response plans for a variety of water infrastructure problems related to seismic events and other disasters. Author/Proposal Reviewer (Book Div. PennWell Publishing) Author of Fire Engineer FF I&II Handbook, Water Supply and Hose / Appliance Chapter.

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About the Series

Get Ready to Get Down to BRASS TACKS and HARD FACTS!

Utilizing some of the country’s top engine company instructors, we are checking our emotions at the door and presenting the pros and cons of the relevant engine company topics in the fire service. Part Art. Part Science.

This educational video series will be sure to leave you a better informed about nozzles, flows, your fire flow system, and engine company operations as a discipline.

This site is your central location for the entire library of this series.

Meet the Instructors